1. Know the text of the Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause. 2. Explain the relationship between the Sixth Amendment and sentencing provisions that permit a judge to determine when a criminal defendant should be given an enhanced sentence. 3. State the present status of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines. 4. Identify the procedures a school official must follow before imposing corporal punishment on a student. 5. Explain why the death penalty was declared unconstitutional in Furman v. Georgia. 6. Identify at least three groups of persons who cannot be given the death penalty. 7. State the present rule on the imposition of life without parole sentences for juveniles. 8. Describe the kinds of evidence that must be produced if the prosecution seeks imposition of the death penalty after a jury has found the defendant guilty of the crime charged. 9. Define “three strikes” laws and list the common characteristics of such laws.